Mahakala Bhairava

Mahakala Bhairava

Mahakala Bhairava (‘Beyond Time’ and ‘Frightful’) is a fearsome aspect of Shiva associated with Annihilation. Known as Nagpo Chenpo (Great Black One), Vajrabhairava and Yamantaka (Destroyer of Death) in Tibetan Buddhism. The eight Ashtami Bhairavas that manifest from him represent the eight primary aspects of fear, and their correspondence with the Nakshatras represents them as portions of time and space of which Bhairava is the whole. Their consorts represent their vital expressions of Divine power, and together, they combine to form Bhairavi, Bhairava’s consort. In their totality, Bhairava and Bhairavi are of unified essence and their division into two separate entities serves only as a symbol expressing the objective Absolute and the possibility of becoming subjectively aware of it through the manifestation of Kundalini. Being destroyers and wrathful, this pairing represents the destruction of diversions such as ignorance, attachments, the ego and obstructive emotions that bar our union with the divine source. While fearsome, their associationa with negative emotions represents the knowledge of those emotions, how they can be obstacles to us and how, by destroying and overcoming their influences, we may perfect ourselves. Two of Mahakala Bhairava’s mantras to assist with this perfection, are:

“Om Shri Kaal Bhairavaya Namaha.”

“Om Sow Hreem Shaprowhm Sahase Kaala Bhairavaaye Namaha.”

Auspices

Kaal Ashtami – the 8th Lunar Day (Ashtami) of the waning fortnight, with Bhairava Ashtami,—which comes in the month of Kartik—being the most auspicious, especially if it falls on a Sunday or Tuesday. During this festival, Bhairava is depicted riding his dog in a form named Dandapani, in which he wields a Danda rod, to punish wrongdoers. An all-night vigil is held on the night of and at midnight an arati is performed with conches, drums and cymbals. After a bath the next morning, rites honouring dead kinsmen are performed and Bhairava, his Dog and Bhairavi are worshipped with offerings of flowers, milk, curds and sweets. In Varanasi, an eight day pilgrimage is taken in the days before this major festival.

Experimental Praxis

As Lord of Time, Mahakala Bhairava cannot strictly be apportioned specific Zodiacal properties, yet, with each of his eight manifestations having particular Nakshatras and planets assigned to them, he can be thought of as the sum-total of the entire Zodiac, all nine of the planets and, by extension, every aspect of time and space. With this intent in mind, meditating on and appealing to the Ashta Bhairava and their Shaktis through the course of the Lunar Cycle, can be seen as a month-long devotional ritual to them.

As well as being more convenient for division, the reduction to twenty-seven Mansions from the original twenty-eight also allows a connection between the Lunar Cycle and the sacred number 108, as, with the subsequent division of the twenty-seven Nakshatras into four padas—each of which is attributed a sequential Zodiac sign—a total of 108 (27 x 4) padas are passed through in every Lunar Cycle. An elaboration on the aforementioned adoration of my own devising involves attributing each of those padas to two of the 64 Bhairavas, which presents a more complete meditation on the Lord of Time, Death and the Universe. Considering the meanings of the names of each of these manifestations explored over the last eight posts, it is clear that these names are all epithets of Shiva in his most dreadful form, making a devotion such as this a long and considered reflection on each of those 64 symbolic aspects of his terrible and purifying nature.

Where no specific mantra has been provided for the 56 sub-Bhairavas in the previous posts, one can chant “Om…. Namaha” with the appropriate name of Bhairava being inserted after ‘Om.’

(See the post ‘Ashtama Bhairava and the Nakshatras‘ for the Planetary Lords of the Nakshatras and other relevant correspondences)

Nakshatra Pada Bhairavas Sidereal º Pada Lord
Ashwini Aries Bheeshana
Bhayahara
0º Aries Mars
Taurus Sarvajna
Kalagni
3º 20′ Aries Venus
Gemini Maharaudra
Daksina
6º 40′ Aries Mercury
Cancer Mukhara
Asthira
10º Aries Moon
Bharani Leo Kapala
Sasibhusana
13º 20′ Aries Sun
Virgo Hasticarmam-baradhara
Yogisa
16º 40′ Aries Mercury
Libra Brahmaraksasa
Sarvajna
20º Aries Venus
Scorpio Sarvadevesa
Sarvabhutah-drishtitha
23º 20′ Aries Mars
Krittika Sagittarius Ruru
Krodadamstra
26º 40′ Aries Jupiter
Capricorn Jatadhara
Visarupa
0º Taurus Saturn
Aquarius Virupaksa
Nanarupa-dhara
3º 20′ Taurus Saturn
Pisces Vajrahasta
Mahakaya
6º 40′ Taurus Jupiter
Rohini Aries Krodha
Pingaleksana
10º Taurus Mars
Taurus Abharupa
Dharapala
13º 20′ Taurus Venus
Gemini Kutila
Mantranakaya
16º 40′ Taurus Mercury
Cancer Rudra
Pitamaha
20º Taurus Moon
Mrighirsha Leo Chanda
Pralayantaka
23º 20′ Taurus Sun
Virgo Bhumikampa
Nilakantha
26º 40′ Taurus Mercury
Libra Visnu
Kulapalaka
0º Gemini Venus
Scorpio Mundapala
Kamapala
3º 20′ Gemini Mars
Ardra Sagittarius Bheeshana
Bhayahara
6º 40′ Gemini Jupiter
Capricorn Sarvajna
Kalagni
10º Gemini Saturn
Aquarius Maharaudra
Daksina
13º 20′ Gemini Saturn
Pisces Mukhara
Asthira
16º 40′ Gemini Jupiter
Punarvasu Aries Asitanga
Visalaska
20º Gemini Mars
Taurus Martanda
Modakapriya
23º 20′ Gemini Venus
Gemini Svacchanda
Vighnsantusta
26º 40′ Gemini Mercury
Cancer Khecara
Sacracara
0º Cancer Moon
Pushya Leo Unmattha
Vatukanayaka
3º 20′ Cancer Sun
Virgo Sankara
Bhutavetala
6º 40′ Cancer Mercury
Libra Trinetra
Tripurantaka
10º Cancer Venus
Scorpio Varada
Parvatavasa
13º 20′ Cancer Mars
Ashlesha Sagittarius Samhara
Atiriktanga
16º 40′ Cancer Jupiter
Capricorn Kalagni
Priyankara
20º Cancer Saturn
Aquarius Ghoranda
Visalaksa
23º 20′ Cancer Saturn
Pisces Yogisa
Daksasamsthita
26º 40′ Cancer Jupiter
Magha Aries Bheeshana
Bhayahara
0º Leo Mars
Taurus Sarvajna
Kalagni
3º 20′ Leo Venus
Gemini Maharaudra
Daksina
6º 40′ Leo Mercury
Cancer Mukhara
Asthira
10º Leo Moon
Purvaphalguni Leo Kapala
Sasibhusana
13º 20′ Sun
Virgo Hasticarmam-baradhara
Yogisa
16º 40′ Leo Mercury
Libra Brahmaraksasa
Sarvajna
20º Leo Venus
Scorpio Sarvadevesa
Sarvabhutah-drishtitha
23º 20 Leo Mars
Uttaraphalguni Sagittarius Ruru
Krodadamstra
26º 40′ Leo Jupiter
Capricorn Jatadhara
Visarupa
0º Virgo Saturn
Aquarius Virupaksa
Nanarupa-dhara
3º 20′ Virgo Saturn
Pisces Vajrahasta
Mahakaya
6º 40′ Virgo Jupiter
Hasta Aries Krodha
Pingaleksana
10º Virgo Mars
Taurus Abharupa
Dharapala
13º 20′ Virgo Venus
Gemini Kutila
Mantranakaya
16º 40′ Virgo Mercury
Cancer Rudra
Pitamaha
20º Virgo Moon
Chitra Leo Chanda
Pralayantaka
23º 20′ Virgo Sun
Virgo Bhumikampa
Nilakantha
26º 40′ Virgo Mercury
Libra Visnu
Kulapalaka
0º Libra Venus
Scorpio Mundapala
Kamapala
3º 20′ Libra Mars
Swati Sagittarius Bheeshana
Bhayahara
6º 40′ Libra Jupiter
Capricorn Sarvajna
Kalagni
10º Libra Saturn
Aquarius Maharaudra
Daksina
13º 20′ Libra Saturn
Pisces Mukhara
Asthira
16º 40′ Libra Jupiter
Vishakha Aries Asitanga
Visalaska
20º Libra Mars
Taurus Martanda
Modakapriya
23º 20′ Libra Venus
Gemini Svacchanda
Vighnsantusta
26º 40′ Libra Mercury
Cancer Khecara
Sacracara
0º Scorpio Moon
Anuradha Leo Unmattha
Vatukanayaka
3º 20′ Scorpio Sun
Virgo Sankara
Bhutavetala
6º 40′ Scorpio Mercury
Libra Trinetra
Tripurantaka
10º Scorpio Venus
Scorpio Varada
Parvatavasa
13º 20′ Scorpio Mars
Jyeshtha Sagittarius Samhara
Atiriktanga
16º 40′ Scorpio Jupiter
Capricorn Kalagni
Priyankara
20º Scorpio Saturn
Aquarius Ghoranda
Visalaksa
23º 20′ Scorpio Saturn
Pisces Yogisa
Daksasamsthita
26º 40′ Scorpio Jupiter
Mula Aries Bheeshana
Bhayahara
0º Sagittarius Mars
Taurus Sarvajna
Kalagni
3º 20′ Sagittarius Venus
Gemini Maharaudra
Daksina
6º 40′ Sagittarius Mercury
Cancer Mukhara
Asthira
10º Sagittarius Moon
Purvashadha Leo Kapala
Sasibhusana
13º 20′ Sagittarius Sun
Virgo Hasticarmam-baradhara
Yogisa
16º 40′ Sagittarius Mercury
Libra Brahmaraksasa
Sarvajna
20º Sagittarius Venus
Scorpio Sarvadevesa
Sarvabhutah-drishtitha
23º 20′ Sagittarius Mars
Uttarashadha Sagittarius Ruru
Krodadamstra
26º 40′ Sagittarius Jupiter
Capricorn Jatadhara
Visarupa
0º Capricorn Saturn
Aquarius Virupaksa
Nanarupa-dhara
3º 20′ Capricorn Saturn
Pisces Vajrahasta
Mahakaya
6º 40′ Capricorn Jupiter
Shravana Aries Krodha
Pingaleksana
10º Capricorn Mars
Taurus Abharupa
Dharapala
13º 20′ Capricorn Venus
Gemini Kutila
Mantranakaya
16º 40′ Capricorn Mercury
Cancer Rudra
Pitamaha
20º Capricorn Moon
Dhanishtha Leo Chanda
Pralayantaka
23º 20′ Capricorn Sun
Virgo Bhumikampa
Nilakantha
26º 40′ Capricorn Mercury
Libra Visnu
Kulapalaka
0º Aquarius Venus
Scorpio Mundapala
Kamapala
3º 20′ Aquarius Mars
Sathabhisha Sagittarius Bheeshana
Bhayahara
6º 40′ Aquarius Jupiter
Capricorn Sarvajna
Kalagni
10º Aquarius Saturn
Aquarius Maharaudra
Daksina
13º 20′ Aquarius Saturn
Pisces Mukhara
Asthira
16º 40′ Aquarius Jupiter
Poorva
Bhadrapada
Aries Asitanga
Visalaska
20º Aquarius Mars
Taurus Martanda
Modakapriya
23º 20′ Aquarius Venus
Gemini Svacchanda
Vighnsantusta
26º 40′ Aquarius Mercury
Cancer Khecara
Sacracara
0º Pisces Moon
Uttara
Bhadrapada
Leo Unmattha
Vatukanayaka
3º 20′ Pisces Sun
Virgo Sankara
Bhutavetala
6º 40 Pisces Mercury
Libra Trinetra
Tripurantaka
10º Pisces Venus
Scorpio Varada
Parvatavasa
13º 20′ Pisces Mars
Revati Sagittarius Samhara
Atiriktanga
16º 40′ Pisces Jupiter
Capricorn Kalagni
Priyankara
20º Pisces Saturn
Aquarius Ghoranda
Visalaksa
23º 20′ Pisces Saturn
Pisces Yogisa
Daksasamsthita
26º 40′ Pisces Jupiter

As noted above, the number 108 is of special importance in Vedic and Tantric traditions. The Shivaganas, the attendants of Shiva who reside in chthonic or liminal locations such as cemeteries and charnel grounds, were 108 in number.  It is also the number of beads on a Rudhraksha and the number of names attributed to many gods, including Bhairava, Additionally, when rounded up, the Sun and Moon are (on average) 108 times the distance from the Earth as their own diameters, with the diameter of the Sun also being approximately 108 times that of the Earth.

The mantras of the 108 names of Bhairava are:

  1. Om Bhairavaaya namaha
  2. Om Bhuutanaathaaya namaha
  3. Om Bhritaatmane namaha
  4. Om Bhuutabhaavanaaya namaha
  5. Om Kshetragyaaya namaha
  6. Om Kshetrapaalaaya namaha
  7. Om Kshetradaaya namaha
  8. Om Kshatriyaaya namaha
  9. Om Viraaje namaha
  10. Om Shmashaanavaasine namaha
  11. Om Maamsaashine namaha
  12. Om Kharvaroshine namaha
  13. Om Smarantakaaya namaha
  14. Om Raktapaaya namaha
  15. Om Paanayaaya namaha
  16. Om Siddhaaya namaha
  17. Om Siddhidaaya namaha
  18. Om Siddhisevitaaya namaha
  19. Om Kankaalaaya namaha
  20. Om Kalaashamanaaya namaha
  21. Om Kalaakaashtaaya namaha
  22. Om Tanaye namaha
  23. Om Kavaye namaha
  24. Om Trinetraaya namaha
  25. Om Bahunetraaya namaha
  26. Om Pigala-lochanaaya namaha
  27. Om Shuulapaanaye namaha
  28. Om Khadgapaanaye namaha
  29. Om Kapaaline namaha
  30. Om Dhuumralochanaaya namaha
  31. Om Abhirave namaha
  32. Om Bhauraviinaathaaya namaha
  33. Om Bhuutapaaya namaha
  34. Om Yoginiipataye namaha
  35. Om Dhanadaaya namaha
  36. Om Dhanahaarine namaha
  37. Om Dhanavate namaha
  38. Om Priitivardhanaaya namaha
  39. Om Naagahaaraaya namaha
  40. Om Naagapaashaaya namaha
  41. Om Vyomakeshaaya namaha
  42. Om Kapaalabhrite namaha
  43. Om Kaalaaya namaha
  44. Om Kapaalamaaline namaha
  45. Om Kamaniiyaaya namaha
  46. Om Kalaanidhaye namaha
  47. Om Trilochanaaya namaha
  48. Om Jvalannetraaya namaha
  49. Om Trishikhine namaha
  50. Om Trilokashaaya namaha
  51. Om Trinetrataapaaya namaha
  52. Om Dibhaaya namaha
  53. Om Shaantaaya namaha
  54. Om Shaantajanapriyaaya namaha
  55. Om Batukaaya namaha
  56. Om Batuveshaaya namaha
  57. Om Khatvaangadhaarakaaya namaha
  58. Om Yanaadhyakshaaya namaha
  59. Om Pashupataye namaha
  60. Om Bhikshukaaya namaha
  61. Om Parichaarakaaya namaha
  62. Om Dhuurtaaya namaha
  63. Om Digambaraaya namaha
  64. Om SHuuraaya namaha
  65. Om Harine namaha
  66. Om Paandulochanaaya namaha
  67. Om Prashaantaaya namaha
  68. Om Shaantidaaya namaha
  69. Om Siddhaaya namaha
  70. Om Shankarapriyabaandhavaaya namaha
  71. Om Ashtamuurtaye namaha
  72. Om Nidhiishaaya namaha
  73. Om Gyaanachakshushe namaha
  74. Om Tapomadaaya namaha
  75. Om Ashtaadhaaraaya namaha
  76. Om Shadaadhaaraaya namaha
  77. Om Sarpayuktaaya namaha
  78. Om Shikhisakhaaya namaha
  79. Om Bhuudharaaya namaha
  80. Om Bhuudharaadhiishaaya namaha
  81. Om Bhuupataye namaha
  82. Om Bhuudharaatmagyaaya namaha
  83. Om Kankaaladhaarine namaha
  84. Om Mundine namaha
  85. Om Naagayagyopavitavate namaha
  86. Om Jribhbhanaaya namaha
  87. Om Mohanaaya namaha
  88. Om Stambhine namaha
  89. Om Maranaaya namaha
  90. Om Kshobhanaaya namaha
  91. Om Shuddhaniilaamjanaprakhyaaya namaha
  92. Om Dvityaghne namaha
  93. Om Mundabhuushitaaya namaha
  94. Om Balibhuuje namaha
  95. Om Balibhunanaathaaya namaha
  96. Om Baalaaya namaha
  97. Om Baalaparaakramaaya namaha
  98. Om Sarvaapattaaranaaya namaha
  99. Om Durgaaya namaha
  100. Om Dushta Bhuutanishevitaaya namaha
  101. Om Kaamine namaha
  102. Om Kalaanidhaye namaha
  103. Om Kaantaaya namaha
  104. Om Kaaminiivashakridvashine namaha
  105. Om Sarvasiddhipadaaya namaha
  106. Om Vaidyaaya namaha
  107. Om Prabhave namaha
  108. Om Vishnave Namaha


Hymn to Kalabhairava

I Worship Kālabhairava, Lord of the city of Kāśī,
Whose sacred lotus feet are worshipped by the King of Devas,
The compassionate One,
Whose sacrificial thread is made of serpents,
On whose forehead shines the moon.
The naked one,
Whom Nārada and multitudes of other Yogis adore.
I worship Kālabhairava, the Lord of the city of Kāśī

Our great Saviour in our voyage across the ocean of the world.
The blue-throated, three-eyed grantor of all desires,
The lotus-eyed, who is the death of death,
The imperishable One,
Holding the rosary of human bone and the trident.
I worship Kālabhairava, the Lord of the city of Kāśī

I worship Kālabhairava, Lord of the city of Kāśī,
The primeval cause,
Holding in His hands trident, axe, noose, and staff 8
–Him of the black body,
The first of all Deva, imperishable, incorruptible,
Lord formidable and powerful,
Who loves to dance wonderfully.
I worship Kālabhairava, the Lord of the city of Kāśī

I worship Kālabhairava, Lord of the city of Kāśī,
Of great and beautiful body,
The giver of both enjoyment and liberation,
Who loves and smiles upon all His devotees,
Whose body is the whole world,
Whose waist is adorned with little tinkling bells;
Beautiful are they, and made of gold.
I worship Kālabhairava, the Lord of the city of Kāśī

I worship Kālabhairava, Lord of the city of Kāśī,
The protector of the bridge of dharma,
Destroyer of the path of adharma,
Liberator form the bonds of karma,
The all-pervading giver of welfare to all,
Whose golden body is adorned with serpent coils.
I worship Kālabhairava, the Lord of the city of Kāśī

I worship Kālabhairava, Lord of the city of Kāśī
Whose feet are beautiful with the lustre of the gems thereon–
The stainless, eternal Iṣṭadevatā,
One without a second,
Destroyer of pride, and liberator from the gaping jaw of the God of Death.
I worship Kālabhairava, the Lord of the city of Kāśī

I worship Kālabhairava, Lord of the city of Kāśī,
Whose loud laughter broke the shell of many an egg of the lotus-born;
Strong ruler, at whose glance the net of sin is broken; Giver of the eight powers,
Whose shoulders serpents garland.
I worship Kālabhairava, the Lord of the city of Kāśī

I worship Kālabhairava, Lord of the city of Kāśī,
The Saviour of all, giver of great fame,
The all-pervading One,
Who purifies of both sin and virtue the people of Kāśī;
The ancient Lord of the world,
Wise in the wisdom of all moralities.
I worship Kālabhairava, the Lord of the city of Kāśī

Samhara Bhairava

Samhara

I meditate on Bhairava the Destroyer, Who is with Chandika Shakthi,
Who has ten hands, three eyes and a snake as a sacred thread,
Who has protruding teeth,
A fearful look and grants eight types of wealth,
Who is nude, a youth and rides on a dog,
Who holds trident, drum, conch, mace and wheel in his hands,
Who holds sword, vessel, Gadwangam, rope and goad.
And who has fearful looks, wears a skull garland and is greatly exuberant.

Samhara Bhairava is Bhairava the Destroyer. He dissolves all negative past karmas, grants wealth and is associated with the Northeast. He is the colour of lightning, rides a dog and is associated with Mercury and the Nakshatras Ashlesa, Jyeshtha and Revati, which begin at 16º 40 Cancer, Scorpio and Pisces in the Sidereal Zodiac. His mantra should be repeated 9, 21, 108 or 1008 times, and is as follows:

“Om Namo Bhagavate Samhara Bhairavaye Bhuta Preta Pisaca Brahma Raksasan Uccataya Samharaya Samharaya Sarva Bhaya Chedanam Kuru Kuru Svaha.”

The eight manifestations of this aspect of Bhairava, with translations of their names, are:

Saṃhāra – Annihilation
Atiriktāṅga – Having Excessive Limbs
Kālāgni – The Fire that Destroys Time
Priyaṅkara – Attracting Love or Regard
Ghoranāda – Bellowing
Viśālākṣa – Large-Eyed
Yogīśa – Lord of Union
Dakṣasaṃsthita – Stilling the Mind

His consort is the Matrika Chandika, a powerful, terrifying goddess who is a form of Durga and represents the manifestation of all divine power. She hates evildoers and becomes wrathful on seeing them. She comes in the form of a woman seated on a lotus with a vermilion and coral complexion and eighteen arms bearing a string of beads, a battle axe, a mace, an arrow, a thunderbolt, a lotus, a bow, a water-pot, a cudgel, a lance, a sword, a shield, a conch, a bell, a wine-cup, a trident, a noose and a discus. She assists with the overcoming of Anger, and her mantra is:

“Om Aim Hreem Kleem Chamundaye Viche.”

This resolves all problems, relaxes the mind, promotes harmonious relationships, eliminates fear and protects from enemies.

Chandi

Bheeshana Bhairava

Bheeshana

I salute the fearful Bhairava,
Who is a great God of blood-red colour,
Who has three eyes, blesses, is peaceful, young and nude,
Who holds a sword, trident, skull and pestle in his hand,
Who has with him Chamunda Shakthi who rides on a corpse.

Bheeshana Bhairava is the Fearful Bhairava. He is red in colour, obliterates all evil spirits and negativity, is associated with the North and carries a kunda flower, a bludgeon studded with iron and a javelin. He rides a Lion and is associated with Ketu and the Nakshatras Ashvini, Magha and Mula, which begin at 0º Aries, Leo and Sagittarius in the Sidereal Zodiac, and also Rahu and the Nakshatras Ardra, Swati and Shatbhisha, which begin at 6º 40 Gemini, Libra and Aquarius of the Sidereal Zodiac. His mantra should be repeated 9, 21, 108 or 1008 times, and is as follows:

“Om Hreem Bheeshana Bhairavaya Sarva Saaba Nirvanaya Mam Vasham Kuru Kuru Svaaha.”

The eight manifestations of this aspect of Bhairava, with translations of their names, are:

Bheeshana – Horrible
Bhayahara – Terrible
Sarvajña – Omniscient
Kālāgni – Fire that destroys Time
Mahāraudra – Very Dreadful
Dakṣiṇa – Sacred Fire, An Offering
Mukhara – Noisy, A Conch Shell
Asthira – Fickle.

His consort is the Matrika Chamunda, who is also known as Rakta Kali. She represents the destruction of the ego’s tendency towards doing harm and acting in a depraved manner and appears as a terrifying old woman. She is invoked to destroy evil and is associated with cremation grounds and fig trees and can be offered meat, alcohol and animal or human sacrifices. She is described as wearing a garland of severed heads or skulls. She is described as having four, eight, ten or twelve arms, holding a drum, trident, sword, snake, skull-mace, thunderbolt, a severed head and a skull-cup filled with blood. She stands on the corpse of a man or seated on a defeated demon or corpse. She is adorned by ornaments of bones, skulls, and serpents and also wears a Yajnopavita of skulls and a headdress formed of piled, matted hair tied with snakes or skull ornaments. Sometimes, a crescent moon is seen on her head. Her eye sockets are described as burning the world with flames. She is accompanied by evil spirits. She is also shown to be surrounded by skeletons or ghosts and beasts like jackals, who are shown eating the flesh of the corpse which the goddess sits or stands on. The jackals and her fearsome companions are sometimes depicted as drinking blood from the skull-cup or blood dripping from the severed head, implying that she drinks the blood of the defeated enemies. At times, she is depicted seated on an owl and her banner depicts an eagle. Her  mantra is:

“Om Aim Hreem Kleem Chamundaye Viche.”

This resolves all problems, relaxes the mind, promotes harmonious relationships, eliminates fear and protects from enemies.

Chamundi

 

Kapala Bhairava

Kapala

I salute the Bhairava of the Skull, who has a yellow body,
Who has three eyes, blesses, peaceful, young and nude,
Who holds a rope, Vajrayudha, Sword and Drinking Goblet,
Who has with him Indrani Shakthi, who is well-praised
and rides an elephant.

Kapala Bhairava is the Bhairava of the Skull, who ends all unrewarding work and action and is associated with the North West. He is yellow in colour, rides an elephant and is associated with Venus and the Nakshatras Bharani, Purvaphalguni and Purvashadha, which lie at 13º 20 of Aries, Leo and Sagittarius in the Sidereal Zodiac. His mantra should be repeated 9, 21, 108 or 1008 times, and is as follows:

“Om Hreem Kleem Hreem Kleem Sreem Kleem Sreem Kapaala Bhairavaya Namaha.”

The eight manifestations of this aspect of Bhairava, with translations of their names, are:

Kāpāla – Skull
Śaśibhūṣaṇa – Moon Ornament
Hasticarmāmbaradhara – Wearing an Elephant Skin
Yogīśa – Lord of Union
Brahmarākṣasa – Ghost of a Brahman
Sarvajña – Omniscient
Sarvadeveśa – God of All Devas
Sarvabhūtahṛdisthita – He who sees all Spirits

His consort is Indrani, who is also called Shachi, the goddess of beauty, wrath and jealousy. She is extremely beautiful and youthful in appearance, with full breasts, a slender waist, three lotus-like eyes and six arms. With her first pair of right and left hands Indrani holds a skull-cup of blood as she gracefully makes the bindu-kapala-mudra in front her heart. With her second pair of outstretched right and left hands she holds a vajra and a rope noose, and with her third pair of hands she wields a sword and a shield. She helps one overcome Jealousy and Envy and her mantra is “Oṃ Indrāṇyai Namaḥ.”

Indrani

Unmattha Bhairava

Unmattha

I salute that mad Bhairava who is the power called Varahi,
Who has three eyes, blesses, is peaceful, young and nude,
Who is white in colour, a great God and rides on a swan,
And holds sword, skull, pestle and shield.

Unmattha Bhairava is the Bhairava Who is Mad. He is white in colour and controls the negative ego, helps control speech, rules the West, rides a horse and is associated with Saturn and the Nakshatras Pushya, Anuradha and Uttarabhadrapada. Each of his mansions begin at 3º 20 Cancer, Scorpio and Pisces in the Sidereal Zodiac. His mantra should be repeated 9, 21, 108 or 1008 times, and is as follows:

“Om Hreem Vaaraahi Samethaya Maha Unmattha Bhairavaya Hreem Om Swaaha.”

The eight manifestations of this aspect of Bhairava, with translations of their names, are:

Unmattha – Mad, intoxicated
Vaṭukanāyaka – Lord of Celibates
Śaṅkara – Fearful
Bhūtavetāla – Ghoul, Vampire
Triṇetra – One who guides to Liberation
Tripurāntaka – Destroyer of the Three Cities of the Demons
Varada – Propitious
Parvatāvāsa – Mountain Dweller

His consort is the Matrika Varahi. She helps one overcome Pride and Arrogance, comes in the form of a woman with a pot belly, full breasts and a sow’s face, or as a boar, and wields a discus and a sword. She becomes drunk on the blood of her victims and is worshipped by the left-handed means of meat, wine, fish, alcohol and ritual sex. She resides in the naval and governs the Manipura, Svadisthana and Muladhara chakras. Her Mantra is

“Om Mahishadhwajayai Vidmahe Dandahastayai Dhimahi Tanno Varahi Prachodayat.”

Prayers to her are the Varahi Anugrahashtakam, for her blessing, and Varahi Nigrahashtakam, for the destruction of enemies.

Varahi Nigrahashtakam

O goddess, Who is with a very angry face,
Since I have devotion to your lotus like feet
Anyone who thinks of troubling me, by body, words or mind,
Should become extremely sad, beaten by your very dangerous iron plough,
And should become one from whose body the soul starts to depart.

O goddess because I have lost all sins due to devotion to your lotus like feet,
He who observes dirty behaviour towards me due to cruelty
Should fill your drinking goblet by the blood of his heart,
And also please grant me all my desired objectives.

Because of meditating on you, after the great wonderful
Powers which have dawned in me,
I offer at your feet the souls of my evil enemies, which were stolen by me,
By drinking the alcohol of their constant spurt of blood,
Caused by breaking the hearts of my enemies by your fierce and upturned face
Accompanied by horrifying shouts which,
Due to your zest, emanate from you from time to time.

How can the enemies of those extremely devoted to you.
Who is black, who has lotus like feet and face,
Who wears the crescent of the moon,
Who carries with her a plough and an axe
As well the sign of terrorizing fear,
Who carries blood dripping skulls,
And who has the face of a wild boar,
Live for at least a few seconds?

Victory to you, Mother, who is
The darling of the lord of the universe,
Who controls the lives of all beings,
Who also exists as the killer of all beings,
Who controls the span of life of all men
And who grants suitable rewards for actions performed.
I request you, O Goddess, that the life span of my enemies,
Should be as long as I desire, based on your orders.

O mother, as I am a fool, I am not capable of
Properly worshipping you at any time,
Still having received the blessings of my guru,
I pray that anyone who wishes bad things for me,
Should go to hell as he is my enemy,
And also pray that all the fame should come to me,
As I am a great devotee of yours.

O Varahi, I who am devoted to you,
Should see my enemy with a sad mind,
Full of disappointment, very feeble and tired,
Made scared by the servants of god of death,
Full of all miseries and liabilities,
Surrounded by crying relatives,
And only contributing blemishes to his family.

O Varahi, Because of the fact that,
By your own power you have spread yourself,
In all beings and you exist as the form,
Of Soul in all beings and make them throb,
I request a favour from you,
If any one wishes any bad things on me,
Who is the devotee of your lotus like feet,
You should not live within him any further.

Varahi Anugrahashtakam

O Mother, even the great God Easwara,
Who is the director of the drama
Of the creation of Earth, is not able to
Understand your true form,
Becoming a non-Easwara,
And how can anyone be capable to writing a poem in praise of you?

O mother whose face is the entire world,
The one who sings your name,
Will never face punishment,
From the stick of the god of death,
For with very little of that song,
Would he have crossed,
The sea of daily life,
And so this is only in remembrance of your names,
And not a song of praise to you.

O goddess, because of the intensity of my thought on you,
I become inexpressibly happy and I salute you,
My hairs standing on end with happiness.
I entreat and beg of you for this wealth,
So please grant it to me and bless me.

She whose black colour is made dazzling,
By the shining gems in the crowns of
Indra, Shiva, Brahma and Vishnu,
Who are worshipping her lotus feet,
May these always be reflected,
In the recesses of my mind.
O Goddess who destroys all sorrows,
I serve you with all my heart.

You who are blessed with all good things,
Has a boar for your Varaha,
Who playfully lifted the earth,
You have your head decorated by the crescent,
And you are the one who occupied the left side of Lord Shiva.

O mother who has the golden
Shining body of woman up to the neck,
Who has the head of a boar with three eyes,
And who holds in her hand the holy wheel,
The feet of those who are meditating on you,
Would be humbly saluted by all the devas.

O mother, for an ordinary man whose sins,
Have been washed away by serving you,
Even getting salvation, is not that important
For his feet would be worshipped by.
Devas, asuras, nagas and kings,
And anything in this world,
Is easily attained by him.

What is not reachable for him, when he has you in his mind?
What is not available to him, when he worships you?
What is beyond him, when you enter his mind?
Where is the defeat for him who offers a prayer to you?

Varahi

Krodha Bhairava

Krodha

I salute the Angry Bhairava,
Who is the colour of smoke and a great God,
Who has three eyes, blesses, is peaceful, young and nude,
Who is armed with mace, conch, wheel, rope and vessel,
Who is near Goddess Lakshmi riding on Garuda the eagle.

Krodha Bhairava is the Bhairava who is Angry. He is he colour of smoke and has the power to aid one take huge and decisive action, rules the South West, rides an Eagle and is associated with Luna and the Nakshatras Rohini, Hasta and Shravana, which begin at 10º of the three Earth signs in the Sidereal Zodiac. His mantra should be repeated 9, 21, 108 or 1008 times, and is as follows:

“Om Namah Krodhabhairavaya Om Hreem Namo Bhagavathe Ugraroophaaya Jwala Jwala Hoom Phat Swaahaa.”

This prevents unnecessary arguments, destroys the evil eye, promotes safe journeys and prevents accidents. His Mudra, the Krodhana Mudra, is used to manage emotions and can be practiced with the face contorted in an expression of anger which is then released to loosen the muscles. It is used to manifest raw emotion and manifest it into the self, as seen in the Vajnabhairava Initiation:

“I chortle HA-HA with my tongue curled upwards, my fangs bared, my mouth and brow wrinkled in anger, my eyelashes, eyebrows, moustache and body-hair ablaze like the Eon of Destruction and my orange hair bristling upward. I make threatening mudras at both the worldly and transcendental gods, frightening even the frightful ones, and thunder the sound PHEM like a dragon.”

The eight manifestations of this aspect of Bhairava, with translations of their names, are:

Krodha – Wrathful
Piṅgalekṣaṇa – Red-eyed
Abhrarūpa – Ugly, deformed
Dharāpāla – Guardian of the Earth
Kuṭila – Crooked
Mantranāyaka – Lord of Mantras
Rudra – Dreadful
Pitāmaha – Grandfather

His consort is the Matrika Lakshmi or Vaishnavi. She helps one overcome Delusion and is depicted seated on the Eagle Garuda and also has the power to fascinate and delude. She is seated upon a lotus, under a Raja-vriksha, the great tree. She is dark in complexion.,  has a lovely face, pretty eyes and wears a bright yellow garment. Her head is adorned with a kirita-makuta. She is richly decorated with ornaments generally worn by Vishnu, including the Vanamala garland.  When depicted with four arms, she carries in one of her hands the chakra and in the corresponding left hand the shankha; her two other hands are held in the Abhaya and the Varada mudra. Her mantra is “Oṃ Vaiṣṇavyai Namaha.”

Vaishnavi

Chanda Bhairava

Chanda

I salute the Fierce Bhairava who is blue in colour,
Who has three eyes, blesses, is peaceful, young and nude,
Who holds rope, Vajrayudha, Sword and Drinking Goblet,
Who has with him Kaumari Shakthi and rides on a peacock.

Chanda Bhairava is the Fierce Bhairava. He is blue in colour and improves self-confidence, destroys the envy of others, gives energy, cuts the competition of rivals, helps with the performance of duties and prevents one falling prey to illicit influences. He holds fire, a spear, a mace, and a kunda flower in his hands. He is the guardian of the South and is associated with the Nakshatras Mrigshisha, Chitra and Dhanishtha, which are situated at 23º 20’ of Taurus, Virgo and Capricorn in the Sidereal Zodiac. His mantra is:

“Om Hreem Chanda Bhairava Sarva Chatru Naasaya Sthaabhaya Uchchaadhaaya Hoom Phat Swaahaa.”

This should be chanted a minimum of nine times, but ideally 108 or 1,008 times. Repeating it 1,008 times for 22 days grants one its Siddhis.

The eight manifestations of this aspect of Bhairava, with translations of their names, are:

Chanda – Fierce
Pralayāntaka – Cataclysm, Deluge.
Bhūmikampa – Earthquake
Nīlakaṇṭha – Blue-throated
Viṣṇu – All-Prevailing Lord
Kulapālaka – Clan Guardian
Muṇḍapāla – Tribe Protector
Kāmapāla – Fulfiller of Desires

His consort is the warrior goddess Kaumari, who rides a peacock and has four or twelve arms. Her colour is red and she holds a spear, axe, scimitar, trident, bow, arrow, sword, shield, mace, lotus, longsword, discus and conch shell. She represents overcoming the ego’s urge towards callow enjoyment and can assist in the pacification of bad temper. Her mantra is:

“Om Sikid Vajaaya Vidmahe Vajra Hasthaya Dhimahe Tanno Kaumari Prachodayat.”

Kaumari